The Programs of Bilingual Education

Background And History Of The Programs Of Bilingual Education

Whether they are additive or subtractive, programs of bilingual education are driven by operational policies and practices relative to the student population, length of the program in each language, level of proficiency students will pursue in each language, and, importantly, the language skills required of their teachers. Of the two types, subtractive programs are the least complex.

In additive programs, the effort is much more complex and demands greater modification of the curriculum and staffing patterns than is the case when a subtractive choice is made. The fact that these differences have not been well described to the schools by state and federal offices has greatly contributed to the difficulties encountered in determining whether bilingual education is effective in meeting its objectives.

Program success can be determined only if and when the goals are clear and the organization, operation, and resourcing of the program are in harmony with its stated goals. At a deeper level, we can clarify the difference between additive and subtractive forms of bilingual education by examining the policy foundations of the two approaches. Subtractive bilingual education is rooted in the tradition of remedial/compensatory education.

This was the operating ideology that shaped much of the federal government’s involvement in education, beginning with the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 and the other large federal program, Head Start. From the outset, the government’s involvement was based on a perceived need to remediate the inadequate background of children in poverty. There was a strong perception then, one that has many subscribers even today, that lack of school success by poor and minority children was due to the lack of a sufficiently robust cultural foundation on which to build-hence the need to remediate and compensate for lacunae in the child’s cultural and family background.

Congress was led down this path by the work of early education researchers such as James Coleman and Christopher Jencks, who had examined groups of children in poverty and concluded that it was not the failure of the schools that was operant, but rather the social and cultural matrix in which these children were raised. The largest federal education program that sought to remediate and compensate for the negative effects of poverty and “cultural deprivation” in disadvantaged families was Title I of the ESEA.

The degree to which Congress was genuinely convinced that this was the best strategy for intervening in education is not clear. The ESEA came along at a time when the issue of states’ rights was a major stumbling block to federal involvement in education. Many politicians who believed in states’ rights and the reserved powers of the states to control their schools were still reeling from the impact of Brown v. Board of Education (1954) and federal pressures to desegregate.

Title I of the ESEA was, in addition to a wonderful investment in children and youth, an effective way to soothe the bruises of states’ rights supporters by providing unprecedented amounts of new funding to public education. It is perhaps coincidental that southern states, because of high levels of poverty, were entitled to substantial amounts of federal money. Politicians from the southern states were the most vociferous defenders of states’ rights in education and keeping the federal government out of the public schools.

But financial support was sorely needed in that region. It is not known what incentives and inducements, if any, may have been offered to secure the support of key congressional delegations to ensure passage of the ESEA in 1965 and the additions, amendments, and modifications that came later.

Discover the Secret to Becoming Rich With a Legitimate Home Based Business Opportunity

Many business owners venture out with their desired businesses with only one thing in mind: profit. And this false mindset is one of the main causes of the downfall of many home based businesses. Yes, profit will always be there no matter what the business may be, but there are other things to bear in mind when starting up a legitimate home based business opportunity, especially nowadays where people are wary of how they spend their money.

One question a potential business owner needs to make sure of when starting up his legitimate home based business opportunity is the people he gets to work for him. He should get people whom he trusts and people that are fully capable of doing their jobs well. As a start up business, it cannot afford to lose or make any mistakes in their first few projects, which will serve as a portfolio for future clients. This portfolio will also serve as a proof that the service of a certain business is genuine, and will not be deemed a scam.

Another point that needs to be stressed out is that the business should allow itself to be searchable by potential clients. Details regarding services offered, the office address, and even the contact numbers of the office where the business might be situated at should be out in the open. This ensures clients that the business being run is not some quick money scam, and more clients will go along the business’ path.

Finally, when running a legitimate home based business opportunity, one should have the proper and suitable documents for everything. Filing for these might take time and effort, but in the long run, the time and money spent on filing for documents will be nothing compared to the effort and hassle that will be encountered if these documents are not filed appropriately.

The Integrity in Joining an Honest Home Based Business

There are many people who come across different types of programs that promise you to make you money within minutes and also that by promoting the program to other people they will get high commissions. The truth is that many of these types of businesses do not posses what is known as integrity. This is a very important factor because there are many people who believe in the concept of people helping people. The way to have integrity and follow your concept is to join a honest home based business.A honest home based business will allow you to achieve success by helping other people be successful knowing that they are going to become part of a legit and honest business. Now honesty is a very important characteristic that people look into when deciding to join a home based business and is something that is very rare to find.So if you are tired of seeing the automatic kinds of things and want a true and serious business from the comfort of your home then definitely look for a honest home based business. There will be many ways for you to promote but is up to you to see which one suits you best and is more comfortable when it comes to promoting.You have to keep in mind that the more you promote your business the more results you are going to get and this is why you have to be determined to being consistent with your marketing efforts. By doing this you will definitely achieve success with a honest home based business

The Many Advantages of a Home Based Business

The majority of people choose a home based business as a great opportunity for many reasons. The first reason is there is very little up front capitol required. Another reason is the ability to work around family which is especially helpful when there are children around the house. There is nothing worse then waking up one day only to realize the children have all grown up and you have missed the entire thing.Some other advantages of a home based business are the fact that you do not have to make an additional rent payment, nor pay for gas to commute to and from work. One of the best things you can do before starting your home business is to sit down and decide what your skills are and how you want to use them in the course of your online business. Think about what you are best at, and what you enjoy most of your given skill set.There are many people online making a tidy living who are always in need of support people. Suppose you are great at expressing yourself and have a passion for writing, there are many people and businesses that pay people with writing skills to create articles, e-books, sales pages and many other writing related necessities. You can also write articles and submit them to article directories and blogs who might be in need of content. Always make sure your articles offer value to the potential reader, and are not taken from other peoples work.If you are great at taking pictures, and love to do so, there is always demand for pictures in all sorts of web design, marketing, and sales copy. Many people search for freelance photographers to help them with their online projects. There are many free online marketing tools available to anyone and all that is required is a little persistence and ingenuity. There are many different and free ways to promote your home based business online, such as blogging, forum posting, and even social networking. It is possible to create a huge audience using these methods, without spending a dime.One of the most important investments you can make for your online business is a good website that accurately portrays who you are, and what your business offers others. This will help you create a strong and valuable relationship between you and your customers.There are tax benefits to your online or work from home business, but it is also important to understand what is and is not tax deductible when making purchases for your business. It is always best to consult an attorney to help you understand your rights and limits as a business owner.One last thing to be on the lookout for is people or companies trying to scam unsuspecting entrepreneurs. There are many legitimate home based opportunities being offered online, but there are also scammers just looking for someone to take advantage of and victimize. If a home based business opportunity looks too good to be true, you can bet it probably is. Look for feedback from others who have tried the opportunity, and do your due diligence on any program that does not require patience, time, or hard work.

Home Based Business – What to Look For

After trying numerous home based business programs, I have experienced the good, bad and ugly, attempting everything from typing at home opportunities to completing surveys. Some home based programs promised the opportunity of a lifetime. What they didn’t mention was that the $39 or $79 fee they charged only provided access to an online job database, PDF download, or a kit by mail. Applicants would then need to contact a company from their list directly, hoping someone would hire them to work from home.The website of the home based business would include an email address or a contact form, but no direct phone number. Any requests for help were usually ignored. When some replied, they would only provide a link back to their database, with no real answer to questions or concerns. Refunds were not issued for electronic downloads or access to an online database.Not to say that all typing at home or survey programs are bad, but most don’t deliver what they promise, which brings up the number one feature to look for in a home based business – legitimacy.Is the home based business you are considering trustworthy? Has it received good or bad reviews? There are several illegitimate home based programs waiting to prey on people who are desperate to make a living from home. It’s no wonder people don’t trust home based businesses anymore. AmeriPlan (a home based business I tried in the past) proved to be a legitimate company. Their startup fee was not bad, but they charged a monthly fee to cover overhead costs. You could choose to market their service (selling discount health care plans) or recruit other representatives to start a home based business of their own.Another important feature to look for in a home based business is support. What kind of support will you receive from the company? Will they offer support by email, phone, or both? The easier it is to get technical support or answers to general questions, the easier it will be to grow your business in the long-run.Number three is how easy it is to follow their program. The easier it is to learn/follow a program, the faster you’ll grow your business. When your customers have questions for you, you will find it easier to help answer their questions if you know where to find the answers. Some great home based businesses offer wonderful tutorials online showing you exactly how to set up your website and grow your business.Number four is the monetary and time investment you will need to put into the home business. If you like helping people and can afford monthly fees, AmeriPlan is a great option. However, if you are looking for a company that provides a one-time investment and no recurring fees, IPC Instant Cash is the better choice, offering a 98% automated program. If you can put a consistent 10 hours a week into your business, that can make a huge difference. Remember, consistency is the key. Motivate yourself by recalling how hard you’ve worked for someone else. Why not invest in yourself and in a recession proof program that will support you for a lifetime?Last but not least, look for a home based business that you enjoy. If you can find something you actually like doing, it won’t feel quite like a job to you. Combine all the pieces together, and you can’t go wrong.

Deferring Capital Gains Taxes on Business Property

The tax deferred exchange provides real estate owners with one
of the last true tax breaks and the only method of deferring tax
on the sale of investment and business property. Most
taxpayers know they can exclude the gain on a sale of their
personal residence. Unfortunately, many business and
investment property owners fail to capitalize on the benefits of
another type of tax-deferred exchange, under Internal Revenue
Code Section 1031.Far too many business owners sell their business and
investment property and pay capital gain taxes because they are
unaware of provisions in the tax code that allow for deferral.
Internal Revenue Code Section 1031(a)(1) states in part that
“no gain or loss shall be recognized on the exchange of
property held for productive use in a trade or business or for
investment if such property is exchanged solely for property of
like kind which is to be held either for productive use in a trade
or business or for investment.” Examples of property types that
typically qualify are vacant land, office buildings, warehouses,
farmland, single-family rental units and shopping centers. Even
leases with 30 or more years remaining are considered real
property and can be traded for other real property.How does one get started? The procedure is fairly simple as
Treasury Regulations issued in April of 1991 provide a
guideline for taxpayers to follow. Once a buyer for the property
to be sold (the “relinquished property”) has been found, a
phone call to a selected “qualified intermediary” to assist with
the Section 1031 exchange is all it takes to begin the process.
The qualified intermediary will produce the necessary legal
documentation required to facilitate the exchange process.
Once the closing of the relinquished property has occurred, the
taxpayer has 45 days from the date of closing to identify in
writing to the intermediary the possible replacement properties.
Due to significant restrictions, it is usually best to identify no
more than three replacement properties. The final step is to
close on one of the identified properties within 180 days from
the date of closing of the relinquished property.Although the 1031 tax code section is very liberal, various
modifications over the years have resulted in a few additional
restrictions. Partnership shares, notes, stocks, bonds,
certificates of trust cannot be exchanged. A taxpayer who holds
a partnership interest or shares in a corporation that owns real
estate cannot trade that interest for similar share interests.
Business owners should consult a tax expert or legal advisor in
this situation.With the reduction in capital gains tax rates, taxpayers were
given a rare break. However, this break was not as generous as
originally proposed. Most taxpayers are aware of the new
capital gains tax rate of 15 percent, lowered from the previous
28 percent rate. This is applicable for gain generated from the
sale of capital assets held for more than 12 months. At the last
minute, however, Congress altered the tax rate for recapture of
depreciation taken on real estate to be taxed at 25 percent. This
higher rate is applicable for all depreciation taken after May 6,
1997. Combining the 25 percent depreciation recapture rate
with state and federal tax rates could cost a taxpayer who sells
business real estate over to 40 percent or more of their profit.
On the other hand, a property owner who chooses to perform
an IRC Section 1031 tax deferred exchange can defer taxes on
the all of the capital gain! This leaves the prudent exchange or
with the entire amount available for reinvestment.Many business owners are unaware that personal property used
in a business, such as a medical practice, can be exchanged as
well. The major difference between a real property and
personal property exchange is what the Internal Revenue
Service considers “like kind” property. I.R.C. Section 1031
defines like kind as “…property held for productive use in a
trade or business or for investment.” Like kind as it applies to
real property is very broad in definition. Determining whether
personal property is like kind to other personal property
requires a much narrower scope. The Internal Revenue Code
does not define “like kind.” The IRS has published regulations
that can be used to decide if an exchange involves like-kind
properties. The Treasury Regulations distinguishes between
two types of personal property: depreciable tangible personal
property (DTPP); and other personal property (OPP), which
consists of intangible and non-depreciable personal property.
DTPP can only be exchanged for other DTPP. These properties
must be of a “like class” or “like kind.” In determining whether
DTPP is of a like class the Treasury Regulations designate 13
general asset classes. These classes combine particular types of
personal property into a certain class group. Some examples of
these groups are office furniture and fixtures, information
systems, airplanes and helicopters, automobiles and taxis, and
buses.The Regulations also designate that personal property can fall
within product classes contained in the North American
Industry Classification System. These numeric codes can be
used as an alternate method to define the characteristics of a
particular property.OPP is difficult to classify as like kind to other OPP. It does
not fall within the like class safe harbor available to DTPP.
Intangible personal property, such as a lease or copyright, can
be considered like kind to similar intangible property. The
determining factors are the nature and character of the rights
involved and the nature and character of the underlying asset.
Selling a business can create more than one personal property
group in which to exchange. The IRS looks at the sale of a
business as an exchange of each asset to be transferred, and not
the exchange of the business as a whole. The underlying assets
of a business (e.g., lease value, covenant not to compete,
equipment and fixtures) will need to be analyzed in respect to
their comparable replacement property. Each asset is placed
into the proper exchange group. An exchange group is a
subgroup of the total assets exchanged. Every exchange group
will either have a surplus (trading up in value) or a deficiency
(boot). When the total fair market values of the properties
exchanged are different, the value equal to that difference is
called the residual group. The property in the residual group
will consist of cash and other property that does not fit into an
exchange group.An example of a business exchange would be the exchange of
one medical practice for another. The relinquished medical
practice value consisted of: (1) the medical equipment (x-ray
machines, etc.) and office fixtures; (2) a covenant not to
compete; (3) lease value for the below market lease of the
office; and (4) client patient lists and files. The medical
practice acquired will generally have similar components of
value. To balance this exchange each separate component is
matched up with its like kind counterpart. A surplus in one of
the exchange groups is not taxable as the Regulations allow for
trading up in value. Any deficiency – going down in value -
would be taxable as “boot.”The Regulations provide the non-yielding rule that goodwill
and going concern value in one business can never be like in
kind to goodwill and going concern value in another business.
In the example of the medical practice exchange, the client
patient lists and files would probably be viewed by the IRS as
goodwill, and should not be included in the exchange. A
prudent tax planner would attempt to allocate value to the
depreciable or amortizable personal property, such as the
medical equipment and office fixtures, to avoid this problem.
Additional personal property not eligible for exchange
treatment is inventory. The inventory of a business is held for
resale and does not fall within the definition of Section 1031
property.Anyone considering deferring tax under IRC Section 1031
should obtain competent tax/legal advice before proceeding
with a transaction. A mistake can be costly.

The Advantages of Professional Property Management Vs “Mom and Pop Management”

Professional Property Management vs. Mom and Pop Management

One of the things we’re going to focus on is what is professional management versus mom and pop management. Now many of you may have a couple properties. Maybe you’ve read a book on property management, I don’t know, but if you ultimately want to make a business and to grow wealth and to be a serious real estate investor, you need to become a professional property manager.

That is you’re better at it than most people. You’re better at it than nine out of 10 investors. You take it seriously because you’re investing a lot of your own money in these properties, a lot of your time and a lot of your energy, and you want to get the most you can out of it.

That’s where the money is, because if you don’t manage it properly, the value of that asset declines rapidly. I guarantee you, if you’ve bought a property, put a bad tenant in there and they destroyed your property, you’re looking at $5,000, $10,000, $15,000 of damage. Not that property management can totally eliminate that possibility, but certainly professional management versus mom and pop management makes a huge difference.

Advantages of Property Management

We’re going to go through that and understand that process. We’re going to go through the advantages of property management. Why is it worth you getting on this call for two hours for a series of four calls? What are the monetary advantages of doing it? Are there monetary advantages to it? Why not just read a $12 book?

Sure, you can do that, but everybody knows reading a book is a hard way to learn. It’s not interactive. You won’t have the ability to fire questions at me. Maybe you’re pretty good at property management and you have a couple areas you’re weak at. You won’t have the ability to fire questions at me.

Again, filling a rental. Let’s say we had a $900 a month rental. Filling it 30 days earlier than you would otherwise puts $900 in your pocket. So the monetary issues here are tremendous. Keeping a tenant a second year as opposed to losing them because you didn’t treat them right or you didn’t fix the property right or whatever, reselling a vacancy is tremendously expensive.

You could be looking at two months vacancy, $900 per month, and costs you have to pay to maybe carpet in between tenants, so maintaining a tenant is again a huge monetary issue. So there are clearly some monetary issues here that can be quite overwhelming in terms of cost savings.

We’re going to talk about the importance of education, these kinds of calls tonight, the importance of doing it on a continuous basis, meaning joining your real estate clubs, looking for other resources, maybe join my coaching program at some point down the road, but continue to educate yourself further and more completely as time goes by.

Again, a professional real estate investor continues the education process and never stops. A mom and pop learns a couple things and then stops. We’re going to talk about the difference between the two. How to do things like develop contacts and network, how to work with contractors.

How Small Business Can Advertise With Facebook

Advertising is a very essential part for every business. As the business owner, you have to make sure that the existence of your enterprise is known to many. Advertising lets you reach out to customers and attract them to buy your products or avail of your services. You can advertise your business through a lot of means. You can use print, radio, or TV advertisements to tell people about the products and services that you are offering. However, in the digital world that we are all moving in, advertising has taken a whole new form. Nowadays, the power of the Internet it at your fingertips which you can readily use to promote your business.

One of the most effective techniques of advertising through the Internet is by advertising through Facebook. Facebook is one of the most popular social media sites and there are many people who have a Facebook account. Using this site as your main tool for online advertising can be very advantageous given the number of subscribers and their diversity.

However, if you do not know how to advertise using Facebook, then you should not see it as a huge problem. Facebook advertising is easy and simple. If you want to know how to advertise on Facebook, then here are some quick steps to get you going.

Advertising on Facebook

Advertising for small businesses is easy when you use Facebook. Keep in mind that advertising strategies done on Facebook are nearly free and very effective. So, keep your creative juices flowing and start creating your own Facebook ad campaign.

· To start, read the guidelines and FAQ of the advertising area of Facebook. If you have a lot of questions, reading the guidelines is sure to help you clear your mind. This area also lets you see the overview of the whole advertising process and how it can benefit your small business.

· Once you have understood the guidelines, you can now move on to choosing your clientele. Yes, Facebook enables you to choose the people to whom your ads will be shown. Using Facebook, you can specify the demographics of your targeted audience such as the country, city, age range, interests and hobbies, gender, occupation, and more. Choosing as many constructs as you can can aid Facebook in filtering their subscribers and help you show your ads to the group of people who are very likely to purchase from your business.

· Create your ads. Now, you are ready to create your very own ads. Facebook encourages their business partners to use ads which have a photo and text element. Image-based ads tend to perform better than image-based ads since they catch attention more effectively. Identifying your clientele can help you with creating ads that are appealing for them. Extract all the creative juices that you have to give it your best shot. After all, the ad campaign will represent your business to the Facebook community. Be on the safe side and make sure that your ad campaign rocks.

· After creating and indexing your ad campaigns, it is now the time to select the type of ads that you want to have. You can either avail of the CPC mode which charges you for every click that the ad will generate. Alternatively, you can choose the cost per million which charges you for every 1000 clicks that are generated by your ad. Don’t worry, these rates are very affordable and you do not have to worry about your budget.

· Now that you have everything ready, you can activate your Ads so they will start showing on the network. You can schedule the date and time that you want your ads to be shown. If you ran multiple ads at a time, you can also devise a schedule for all of them.

The Finer Points of Internet Auctions


Penny auctions have exploded in popularity with the massive growth of the internet. However, few people know the true origins of penny auctions.Beginnings actually stretch back to the Great Depression. Those were hard times for everyone, but even harder for farmers. Farmers struggled to bring in steady income because of droughts and crops not selling as well as they had previously. As a result, the banks would foreclose on the farmers who couldn’t keep up with their mortgage payments.

The banks weren’t satisfied with just repossessing the house, they wanted to raise as much capital as possible, so they resorted to selling off the possessions of the owners of the repossessed houses. There was not much the farmers could do about it so they began bidding ridiculously low prices, pennies, on the items while threatening others who dared to bid higher than a few pennies.

The auctions of today hardly resemble their tremulous beginnings. Being part of a penny auction today is exhilarating, fun, and addictive. It combines the selling format of auctioning with a little bit of chance factored in.Auctions are a game of strategy but also a game of luck.

The premise behind penny auctions is giving people the chance to win an item at a drastically reduced price.Auctions make that possible by spreading out the cost of the product among multiple bidders. In order for a person to take part in an auction, they must pay a set price for each bid. For example, if a person wanted to bid on a fifty dollar Amazon gift card then he would spend a dollar for each time a bid placed. If he ended up winning the gift card, then he would only have spent a few dollars for a fifty dollar gift card. Usually penny auctions sell bids in packages.


The main foundation of penny auctions is the pay-per-bid format. It is the key that allows bidders to win items at the fraction of their retail value and allows the auction owners to keep their site profitable. Most y auction sites run on the same premise: people pay a set amount for each bid, whenever a person places a bid within the closing seconds of the auction time will be added, the last person left with a unique bid after the clocks runs out will win the item. There are a large variety of items that can be won, but they tend to be popular electronics or gift cards to popular stores.

There are two types of auctions: lowest unique bid auction and highest unique bid auction. Lowest unique auction sounds confusing but it is actually quite simple. A unique bid is when only one person has a bid at a certain price. Bids usually start at one penny, a bidder can then place a bid at two pennies. Until another bidder places a higher bid, the most recent bidder will be the lowest unique bid because that was the only bid at two cents and nobody bid higher. However, penny auctions generally don’t stop at one penny. It is not uncommon to find auctions that end up at a couple hundred dollars based on the popularity of the item being auctioned. However, the same principles apply for those auctions. Highest unique bid auctions follow the more traditional auction format such as eBay. The person with the highest bid at the end of the auction wins the item.

Auction site owners turn a profit by selling bids. Say twenty people are bidding on a ten dollar gift card at one dollar per bid, at the end of the auction if there were twenty bids placed in total then the site owner would have made twenty dollars with a ten dollar profit.Auctions do seem like a win-win situation:The site owner makes money while the bidder gets an item for dirt cheap. However, not everyone wins in penny auctions. The people who paid one dollar each bid but left with nothing to show for their investments will not be so happy.


Penny auction has a lot of chance mixed into it, but one can incorporate strategy that will help raise the chances of winning. Playing smart can make all the difference between gambling and auctioning.

The first crucial tip to winning penny auctions is to know how to manage your bids. Your goal should be to win as much as possible without spending a ton of money buying bids. Managing your bids means that you should already know how much you are willing to risk in order to win an item. The amount of capital you are willing to risk will determine how many bids you can use. Once you know how many bids you have to spend on an item, then you will be better able to manage how and when you place a bid. That will keep you from blowing away all of your bids in the first few seconds of the auction.

The next tip is to practice time management. When fighting in the trenches of penny auctions, you have two enemies: other bidders and time. Knowing when to bid is a must if you want to have success. Placing a bid when there is a lot of time left on the clock is never a good idea. You have to remember that the key to winning a penny auction is being the last one standing when the clock runs out and that each bid increases the amount of time left. It would be a good practice to wait until the last few minutes of the auction before you begin to bid.

The final tip for successful auctioning is to keep your emotions under control.Auctions have a lot of similarities to gambling, and just like gambling, your spending can get out of control. If you keep your emotions level, it will keep you from making rash decisions and blowing loads of cash. Keep your mind clear so that you can gage the behavior of the other bidders and outsmart them.


Penny auctions are a great addition to the web whether you want to win an item that otherwise you wouldn’t be able to afford or if you simply enjoy the thrill that comes with bidding in auctions. Unfortunately, scam sites have tarnished the reputation of the legitimate penny auction sites. However, there are ways that you can protect yourself from scamers and enjoy your auctioning without having to worry about losing your money due to dishonesty.

Checking the reputation of the auction site before you start spending your hard earned money is always a good idea. Chances are other people have tried the site before you and some of them have left reviews. The reviews are your way to gage whether a auction site is trustworthy or not. If a site is getting overwhelmingly negative reviews, then that is a clear indication that you should steer your business elsewhere.

Another tool you can use to protect yourself is checking the Alexia ranks of the auction sites. Alexia rank will give a solid view of how much traffic the auction is getting. If you see a huge difference in the amount of traffic Alexia is projecting and the amount of active bidders on the site, then warning signals should be ringing in your head. Some auction sites have been known to set up robots that automatically bid on projects in order to keep the auction going and inflate the price. That is known as shill bidding. You can sniff out those sites by comparing the traffic the site should be getting to the amount of users using this site.


New legislation may come out later down the road that will officially make penny auctions gambling, but until then, it is a fun, exciting auction that allows one to win the item they’ve always wanted but couldn’t afford.Auctions are also quite lucrative for the site owners because of the pay-per-bid strategy they’ve incorporated. Penny auctions had humble beginnings with farmers who just wanted to get back at the banks who kicked them out of their house. More recently, auctions have enjoyed an explosion in popularity with the rise of the internet.

There are two main formats fora auctions, lowest and highest unique auction, however they both run on the same premise where the last unique bid wins the item. Winning a penny auction will require a certain amount of mental tactic and a bit of luck. However, you can increase your odds of winning by practicing certain techniques such as managing your bids wisely, learning how to work with the time, and keeping a level head and your emotions under control. When you combine those three strategies to your bidding plan, you will find that you win a lot more often.

It is important that you do your due diligence to protect yourself when participating in auctions. Not every auction is run by honest and trustworthy people. There are people out there who just want to take your money. You can protect yourself by ensuring that you only bid on sites that already have a very positive reputation from real users.

How to Find Great Live Auctions for Resale Items

Hi, my name is Walt. I’m an auctioneer with 25 years of experience in the auction business and licensed in the state of MA. I own Quick Auction Service, a company that specializes in building and running custom auctions, I’m also the webmaster of my own site and have been on eBay for 8 years. Besides eBay, the types of auctions I run most frequently are antiques and on-site estate auctions, although I’ve run everything from business overstock auctions to charity & special event auctions.

I enjoy sharing my knowledge and stories of the auction business. My goal for article is to help folks get the absolute most out of their auction experience.

Whether your fresh out of the package or a seasoned dealer I think I can offer something in this article to help you with your auciton adventures.

There may be as many reasons to attend auctions as there are types of auctions to attend. Maybe you want to attend an auction to buy items for re-sale on eBay, or some other market. Maybe you want to furnish your home with wonderful antiques, or you want to furnish your home as inexpensively without sacrificing quality.Some folks are just looking for a fun night out. With a little perseverance all these things are possible.

There are antiques and estate auctions, auto auctions, overstock auctions, absolute and no reserve auctions, real estate auctions, specialty auctions where only one genre of items are sold, tailgate auctions, live auctions, online auctions, sealed bid auctions, silent auctions, charity and fund raising auctions and many more.

Can you really buy for pennies on the dollar at an auction? You bet! Many times I’ve seen folks buy and re-sell at the same auction on the same night for a good profit, although be advised, this should only be done after the auction is over.

There are a lot of ways to find an auction, but here are some tips on how to find and attend the best ones.

Visit the genre of shops in the area that apply to the type of auction you want to attend. IE: If your looking for a good antique auction to attend, stop in the local antiques shops and ask for what there are for good auctions in the area. Sounds obvious right? But listen to what they don’t say as well as what they do say. Oftentimes when a dealer speaks poorly about an auction he or she attends, it may be likely that they are trying to keep a good thing secret. Think for a moment, why would a dealer keep attending a lousy auction?

Newspaper ads: I personally like to find ads in the classified ad section rather than flashy display ads. Flashy ads are usually indicative of an auction that will be high priced, may have reserves, (a set price on an item), and usually an enormous crowd. While any auction can be profitable to attend, it is usually best to steer clear of the glitzy ones, at least for the beginner.

Here’s the minimum you want to find out before you go. If there is a phone number in the ad, call and ask for the terms of the sale. What forms of payment do they accept? Is it an absolute auction? An absolute auction is one that has no minimum or reserve bids on items. These are the best auctions to attend! Is there a buyers premium? A buyers premium is like a tax that everyone who makes purchases at that auction must pay above the winning bid price. Most auctions these days do charge a buyers premium, 10% is not unreasonable but I feel much more than that is greedy, and the auctioneer that charges over 10% is counting on most bidders not doing the extra math as the bids quicken in pace.

A fair auction will have ample time to inspect the merchandise, usually at least 2 or 3 hours. Find out when inspection starts and make sure to attend! Never attend an auction if you can’t make the inspection, not unless your prepared to gamble. Most auctioneers sell at a rate of about 100 items per hour, which is why they sell “as is”. They simply don’t have the time to give a detailed description of all the items. Since almost all items at auction are sold AS IS, there are sure to be some damaged, refinished, fake and incomplete items at any given auction. Beware of any auctions that offer very little or no inspection time.

Good auctions will usually have 150 to 400 lots. A lot may be one item or a group of items. The exception to this are specialty auctions, auto auctions, real estate auctions etc.

When you attend your first sale, take note of the 1/2 dozen or so dealers that buy the most often. See if you can find out about other area auctions they attend.

When you do find an excellent auction, attend it as often as possible. By frequenting good sales, you help increase the bottom line of that business. It’s difficult for many auctioneers to keep the quality of merchandise consistent, so good attendance certainly helps. And when an auctioneer gets to know you as a buyer, he/she will go out of the way to accommodate you, to keep you coming back.